Untangling the Record


Signed by Author!

"Untangling the Record—A Contemporary Review of Potosi and Lima Mint Coins and Assayer History from the Mint Openings up to 1622" is a second edition printing of a paper researched and written by Carol Tedesco and presented at Cartagena MMXXI —The 3rd International Convention of Historians and Numismatists, held in December of 2021 in Cartagena, Colombia.

Some years previous to the discovery of the Atocha and Santa Margarita shipwrecks, a prominent expert in the field of Spanish Colonial numismatics incorrectly attributed the coins of early Potosi assayers R, M, L, and B to the Lima mint (and also C to La Plata), errors that were widely perpetuated for years by others citing his work. With the support of several of Latin America’s most prominent archival historian/numismatists, Carol Tedesco has meticulously disentangled the evidence, deconstructed the errors, and updated the record, providing the most current assayer identity and timeline information available today, complete with extensive source citations.

"Untangling the Record" also explains the source of previous identity misattributions concerning a 1618 Potosi mint assayer using the monogram PAL, as well as the origin of the lore behind assayer T - Juan Ximénez de Tapia - being labeled as "the dyslexic mint worker."

Carol Tedesco bio:
Carol Tedesco is an internationally recognized Spanish Colonial coin expert and historic shipwreck professional who specializes in designing relational databases specific to individual shipwreck projects. She has curated tens of thousands of coins and is considered a foremost authority on silver coins of the 1622 fleet. Other publications include “Treasure Coins of the Nuestra Señora De Atocha & the Santa Margarita” (SeaStory Press 2010 and 2022 second edition), several shipwreck artifact archaeological mystery articles, and the academic paper, “The Deep-Sea Tortugas Shipwreck, Florida: The Silver Coins,” from the “Oceans Odyssey 3” compendium,” (Oxbow Books, Oxford, UK). Carol is a founding member of the International Conventions of Historians and Numismatists. 

The fruits of the 3rd International Convention (of historians and numismatists) are beginning to germinate with important research and publications such as the book “A Contemporary Review of Potosi and Lima Mint Coins and Assayer History from the Mint Openings up to 1622”, written by our researcher friend Carol Tedesco, who through a wonderful and meticulous work shares with us important numismatic events of the Potosi and Lima coins minted up to 1622.
Ing. Andrés Cortázar M